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    Imphal East District came into existence on  18-06-1997 with its head quarters at Porompat occupying the eastern part of Imphal District. The District is situated in two separate valleys of the state namely Central Valley and Jiribam Valley. The total area of District is 469.44 sq. km. approximately. The District is situated at an altitude 790 metres above the M.S. Level. The climate of the District is salubrious and Monsoon is tropical. The minimum temperature goes down to 0.6degree Celsius in winter and 41 degree Celsius in summer. It has no rail network and hence communication is entirely dependent on roads except Jiribam Sub-Division bordering Cachar District of Assam where there is a railhead. The District is connected with N.H. 39, N.H. 53 and N.H. 150.

POPULATION    

    The population of District is 3,30,460 according to 1991 census. The rural population is 2,54,644 (77.06%) whereas the urban population of the district is 75,816 (22.94%). Literacy in the District is 68.05% as per 1991 census. As per 1991 census, male population is 1,68,125 whereas female population of the district is 1,62,335. The population of the Scheduled Castes in the district is 13,153 which is 3.98% of the total population of the district. The population of Scheduled Tribes in the district is 19,191 which is 5.81% of the total population.

AGRICULTURE 

    Agriculture is the main occupation of the people in the district. In the district there are 27,000 and 4,100 hectares of land for H.Y.V. (high yield variety) and improved local paddy field respectively. There are land of 450 hectares for maize, 60 hectares for wheat and 350 hectares for potato in the district. The main food crops are paddy, potato and vegetables. Among the cash crops are sugar cane, maize, pulse, oil seed and other vegetables etc. The total number of workers engaged in agriculture in the district was 42,473 as per 1991 census of which 28,661 were male and 13,812 were female. Spices like chilli, onion, ginger, turmeric and coriander of very good quality are grown in the district.

AREA & PRODUCTION OF IMPORTANT CROPS: (during 1998 -99 in Imphal East District)

Sl.No. Name of Crops Area in Hect. Production in MT
A KHARIF CROPS
1 Paddy (HYV) 27.00 80.14
2 Local paddy 4.10 5.44
3 Maize 0.45 0.80
4 Sugar cane 0.29 17.84
5 Kharif Pulse 0.22 0.26
B RABI CROPS
1 Wheat 0.06 0.08
2 Pea & other pulses 1.53 1.09
3 Potato 0.35 1.52
4 Muster & other Oilseeds crops 0.60 1.22

HORTICULTURE   

    Horticulture products have been acquiring popularity with the people in the district. Fruits like pineapple, banana, lemon and papaya grow well in the district. Pineapple grows in plenty at the slope of  Ngariyan Hill. There is considerable scope for increasing the area under different horticulture crops. The soil and climate favour for mass plantation of horticulture products in the district. 

    The following is the areas and production of horticulture crops in the district during 1998-99

Sl.No. Crops Area in Hectare Annual production ( M.T.)
1 Pineapple 650  3,700
2 Banana   50    392
3 Lemon   56    224
4 Plum, Pear & Peach   30    180
5 Papaya  230 1,150
6 Mango    12     60
7 Guava     30   138
8 Others    250   397

Total

1,358 6,646

POULTRY & LIVESTOCK 

    In the district, there are one dairy farm and veterinary training center. There are also 5 veterinary Hospitals and 19 Veterinary Dispensaries in the district along with 3 nos. of Aids centers. The following is the population of livestock as per survey report of 1997 census.

Sl. No. Category Total Population
A LIVESTOCK
1 Cattle 85,964
2 Buffaloes 2,310
3 Sheep 461
4 Goats 2,189
5 Horses & Ponies 542
6 Pigs 10,563
7 Dogs 15,940
8 Rabbits 799
     
B POULTRY  
1 Cock 30,719
2 Hen 2,37,704
3 Chicken (below three months) 1,60,018
4 Drakes 21,029
5 Ducks 35,832
6 Ducklings ( below six months ) 21,512
7 Other fowls 5,784

 FOREST 

   The following is the information of forest products available in the district

OUTTURN VALUES OF MINOR FOREST PRODUCES OF CENTRAL FOREST DIVISION (IMPHAL EAST & IMPHAL WEST) FOR THE YEAR 1999-2000.

Sl.No. Items Units Quantity Value (in Rs.)
1 Firewood M.T. 16.8 43.560
2 Bamboo nil nil nil
3 Charcoal Qtl. 1 80
4 Earth C.M. 1,060 16,620
5 Stone C.M. 31,610 4,77,340
6 Sand C.M. 23,542 3,29,685

TOURISM 

    There are two tourist home in the district, one is at Kaina and another at Jiribam. In the district, the natural beauty of Poirou Pat rounded with the small hillock is beyond description. Shree-Shree Govindajee Temple, a beautiful golden temple located in the palace compound is still shining here. The two war Cemeteries that maintained by British war grave commission might be attractive to the tourists. In addition to this there is a temple at Kaina a holy place of the Hindu. Besides, Hanuman Temple at Mahabali is a pre-historical place in the State. Manipur is famous for it's scenic beauty, enchanting landscape, salubrious climate and rich cultural heritage which has a great potential for development of tourism.