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FLORA AND FAUNA                                                                     Back                               

The district has a rich and varied vegetation. The climatic conditions are suitable for a wide range of flowering and non-flowering trees and shrubs, Bamboos, Pepals and Kaubila are a common sight everywhere in the valley. Eucalyptus, Amla, Parkia roxburgil (Tree bean) (Yongchak), Arundo donax (Yendhou) etc, are also very common. The hills are the homes of many valuable trees. A wide variety of medicinal plants are grown wild both in the hills and the plains. Carica papaya (Papaya), Citrus grandia (Pamelo), Mangifera indica (Mango), Prunus domestics (plum), Prumus persica (peach) Pyrus selerotine (pear), Psidium guavaya (guava), Famarindus indica (Tamarind) etc. are some of the important fruit bearing trees. A large variety of birds are also found in the district. Sparrow, swallow, owl, myna, pigeon, nightingale, king fisher, wood pecker, heron, kite etc are the common birds found in the district. The lakes and the marshy lands of the valley are the favourite habitat of a variety of rare migratory birds such as duck, geese, snipe etc, arriving particularly in winter months from places as far as Siberia. The gradual decrease in the size of the habitats and the over-hunting and the netting have greatly reduced the number of such rare migratory birds visiting the district in recent years.